Keywords, objectives, activities and outputs

Bloom’s keywords will enable you to write outcomes/objectives for learners. You may also include specific activities that enable learners to practice/demonstrate what they have learned and also outputs for these activities. Examples for each level are shown here.

Download a PDF on Using Bloom's revised taxonomy which provides: keyword descriptions, objective examples for keywords and a table of activities and outputs


Remembering
Understanding
Applying
Analysing
Evaluating
Creating

Keywords

arrange, define, describe, identify, label, list, locate, memorise, name, select, state

Assessment/activity objective example

Arrange the fruits below from high to low in order of their calorific values.

Activity suggestions

quiz, ‘Googling’, labelling diagrams/charts/ pictures, quoting laws/ procedures, brainstorming

Examples of outputs

definition, fact chart, social bookmarking, mind map, glossaries, list, recording

pyramid - remembering

Keywords

clarify, classify, compare, contrast, distinguish, explain, estimate, exemplify, generalise, interpret, paraphrase, predict, reword, summarise, translate

Assessment/activity objective example

Compare and contrast the climate of the Isles of Lewis and of Shetland.

Activity suggestions

interpret or explain a given scenario, advanced ‘Google’ searches, matching/ predicting exercises, discussion board posts

Examples of outputs

summary, classification, paraphrases, activity report, diarys, drawing, collage, recording, photograph, blogs, annotating texts

pyramid - understanding

Keywords

apply, calculate, carry out, classify, conduct, construct, implement, modify, organise, perform, prepare, produce, provide, react, relate, respond to, restructure, translate, use

Assessment/activity objective example

Identify a suitable location where a tourist in the Highlands without their own transport could be based. Provide reasons for your choice of location.

Activity suggestions

constructing an argument, presenting a solution, reporting on an activity/event, modifying a diagram, interviewing, collaborative online work and editing, using Googlemaps

Examples of outputs

diagram, sculpture, photograph, forecast, illustration (textual/graphic), project, cartoon, filmstrip, interview, simulation, film, wikis, presentation

pyramid - applying

Keywords

analyse, break down, catalogue, compare, deconstruct, discriminate between, divide, examine, execute, extrapolate, implement, integrate, measure, plot, quantify, produce a graph/diagram, select, show, use, value

Assessment/activity objective example

Select two leadership styles and provide examples of situations when they might best be employed. Provide references to support your choice.

Activity suggestions

surveys, identifying constituent parts or functions, identifying requirements, distinguish between facts and inferences

Examples of outputs

survey/poll/questionnaire, wiki, model, argument, report, advertisement, checklist, chart, academic abstract, spreadsheet

pyramid - analysing

Keywords

appraise, argue, assess, combine, defend, determine, evaluate, hypothesise, investigate, justify, organise, present a case for, report on, review, test, judge, monitor

Assessment/activity objective example

Review the financial options available when implementing a commercial takeover for the scenario provided. Perform a risk analysis for each option in relation to the scenario.

Activity suggestions

group discussion/report, debate, review options, performing a SWOT analysis, carrying out a risk analysis, posting comments on blog entries, assessing resources

Examples of outputs

editorial, case study, news item, video or audio report, presentation, critique, recommendation

pyramid - evaluating

Keywords

assemble, build, compose, create, design, develop, formulate, generate, establish, integrate, modify, organise, originate, propose, revise, plan

Assessment/activity objective example

Analyse the main meals offered in the student canteen in relation to their health benefits or otherwise. Suggest alternative meals so as to create healthier options. Justify the reasons for your choices.

Activity suggestions

developing plans/procedures, devising new methods, creating new approaches/systems, brainstorming

Examples of outputs

set of rules or standards, play/poem/song, article, video, podcast, project, publication, plan, model

pyramid - creating
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