Welcome
Mental health conditions
Wellbeing warning signs
Support
Acknowledgements
References

What is mental health?

Mental health is everyone’s business. Everyone has mental health. Mental health can be thought of in terms of how we think, feel and act. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through to adulthood. Being mentally healthy does not just mean that you do not have a mental health illness. Your mental health does not always stay the same. It can change as circumstances change and as you move through different stages of your life. It is worth noting that a total of 76% of all mental health disorders are established by the age of 18 which is a critical point of emotional, educational and social development (Kim-Cohen et al 2003). If you are in good mental health you can make the most of your potential to cope with life, play a full part in your family, workplace, friends and community.

Mental health

What is the toolkit for?

The aim of this toolkit is to help staff to support students with mental health conditions in universities.

There is a plethora of resources available which focus on mental health generally and a number focus on student mental health. Most of these however deal with students who have just left school and perhaps left home for the first time. Lews Castle UHI staff recognised that students attending university have a wider range of backgrounds and experiences which the available resources do not reflect; particularly mature students and those studying entirely online.

It was recognised that staff were unsure about how to support and where to go to for advice. This toolkit aims to provide a single resource which can be used by all university staff to increase knowledge, understanding and confidence, in order to help students maximise their academic potential.

"You and your team have done a fantastic job with this resource - it's an excellent source of information and very easy to navigate" – Dr Rachel Drury – RCS Scotland

"A well-produced piece of work perfectly timed for the climate all of us in tertiary education are facing just now" – Claire Kilburn-Young – Inverness College UHI

"I think the resource you have created is brilliant" – Dr Dominique Thompson Director of Buzz Consulting / [Former] Director, University of Bristol Students’ Health Service

Click on each warning sign for more information.

Wellbeing warning signs

Click on each warning sign button for more information.

Aggression Anger Anxiety Burnout Demanding Depressive Grief Guilt Psychosis Self-harm Shame Sleep Stress Suicide

Rachel Erskine, Eilidh MacPhail and Kate Mawby would like to thank the following people for their support, conversations and advice in the development of this resource.

AMOSSHE

  • Rachel Drury – Lecturer in Learning & Teaching in the Performing Arts, Royal Conservatoire of Scotland
  • Rebecca Smith – Lecturer BSc (hons) Sustainable Development Lews Castle College University of the Highlands and Islands
  • Andrew Gibson – Educational Development Unit, University of the Highlands and Islands
  • Andy Blackall - Educational Development Unit, University of the Highlands and Islands
  • Iain Morrison – Dean of Students, University of the Highlands and Islands
  • Claire Kilburn-Young - Inverness College University of the Highlands and Islands
  • Allie Scott – Wellbeing Officer, Perth College University of the Highlands and Islands
  • Dominique Thompson Director of Buzz Consulting / [Former] Director, University of Bristol Students’ Health Service

Armstrong, J. M., Ruttle, P. L., Klein, M. H., Essex, M. J. and Benca, R.M. (2014) ‘Associations of child insomnia, sleep movement and their persistence with mental health symptoms in childhood and adolescence’. Sleep 37 (5), 901-909

British Columbia Ministry of Education (2001) Teaching students with mental health disorders: Resources for teachers Volume 2 – Depression [online] available from <http://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/education/kindergarten-to-grade-12/teach/teaching-tools/inclusive/mental-health-disorders-vol2.pdf> [5 October 2017]

Bowlby, J. (1980) Attachment and Loss: Sadness and Depression Vol III. London: Hogarth Press

Buglas, E. (2010) ‘Grief and bereavement theories’. Nursing Standard 24 (41), 44-47

Clark, A. (2012) ‘Working with guilt and shame’. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 18, 137-143

Evans, D. (2003) Emotion: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press: Oxford

Greenstreet, W. (2004) Why nurses need to understand the principles of bereavement theory. British Journal of Nursing 13 (10), 590-593

Gelder. M., Gath, D. and Mayou, R. (1989) Oxford Texbook of Psychiatry. New York: Oxford University Press

International OCD Foundation (2017) Living with someone who has OCD. Guidelines for family members [online]. Available from <https://iocdf.org/expert-opinions/expert-opinion-family-guidelines/> [5 October 2017]

Kim, S., Thiobodeau, R. and Jorgensen, R. S. (2011) ‘Shame, guilt and depressive symptoms: a meta-analytic review’. Psychological Bulletin 137 (1), 68-96

Kim-Cohen, J., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T.E., Harrington, H., Milne, B. J. and Poulton, R. (2003) ‘Prior juvenile diagnoses in adults with mental health disorder developmental follow back of a prospective longitudinal cohort’. Archives of General Psychiatry 60 (7), 709-717

Kubler-Ross, E. (1969) On Death & Dying. New York: Macmillan

Lewis, H. B. (1971) ‘Shame and guilt in neurosis’. The Psychoanalytic Review 58 (3), 419-438

Lifeline for Attempt Survivors (2017) With help comes hope [online]. Available from < http://lifelineforattemptsurvivors.org/ > [13 October 2017]

London Pathways Partnership (2017) [online]. Available from <http://www.lpp-pd.co.uk/> [5 October 2017]

Luyster, F. S. (2012) ‘Sleep: A health imperative’. Sleep 35 (6), 727-734

Mental Health Foundation (2017) [online]. Available from <https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/> [5 October 2017]

Mind (2015) How to manage stress [online]. Available from <https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/tips-for-everyday-living/stress/what-is-stress/#.WdZm0WiPLcs> [5 October 2017]

Mind (2016a) Anger [online].Available from <https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/anger/#.WdZlOWiPLcs> [5 October 2017]

Mind (2016b) Obsessive-compulsive disorder [online]. Available from <https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/for-friends-family/#.WdZeRGiPLct> [5 October 2017]

Mind (2016c) Self-harm [online]. Available from <https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/self-harm/about-self-harm/#.WdZmZWiPLcs> [5 October 2017]

Mind (2017a) Anxiety and panic attacks [online]. Available from <https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/anxiety-and-panic-attacks/#.WdZjDmiPLcs> [5 October 2017]

Mind (2017b) Post-traumatic stress disorder [online]. Available from <https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/for-friends-and-family/#.WdZkL2iPLct > [5 October 2017]

Muehlenkamp, J. J., Claes, L., Havertape, L. et al (2012) ‘International prevalence of adolescent non-suicidal self-injury and deliberate self-harm’. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health 6 (1), 1-9

National Institute for Health & Clinical Excellence (2011) Self-harm: Longer term management. NICE guideline (CG 133)

Ogden, J. Bennett, A. (2015) ‘Self-harm as a means to manage the public and private selves: a qualitative study of help seeking by adults’. Health Psychology Open July-December, 1-9

Oxford Online Living Dictionaries (2017) [online]. Available from <https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/stress> [5 October 2017]

Parkes, C. M. (1975) ‘Determinants of outcome following bereavement’. Omega 61, 303-323

Renfrew, J. W. (1996) Aggression and its Causes: A Biopsychosocial Approach. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Royal College of Psychiatrists (2014) Self harm [online]. Available from <http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/healthadvice/problemsdisorders/self-harm.aspx> [13 September 2017]

Saunders, K. E. and Smith, K. A. (2016) ‘Interventions to prevent self-harm: what does the evidence say?’. Evidence Based Mental Health Online First 10.1136/eb-2016-102420

Selye, H. (1976) The Stress of Life. New York: Mcgraw-Hill

Slavich, G. M. (2016) ‘Life stress and health: a review of conceptual issues and recent findings’. Teaching of Psychology 43 (4), 346-355

The Sleep Council (2017) [online]. Available from <http://www.sleepcouncil.org.uk/> [5 October 2017]

Worden, J. W. (1991) Grief Counseling and Grief Therapy: A Handbook for the Mental Health Practitioner. London: Routledge