Principles of natural justice
Fair procedures follow the principles of “natural justice”:
- “No one should be a judge in their own cause” – decision makers must come to matters without bias or a reasonable perception of bias;
- “Hear the other side” – each party must have a fair hearing;
- “Justice delayed is justice denied” – the process must be completed without delay.
In addition, decision makers must make reasonable decisions, and give reasons for their decisions. In disciplinary procedures, this means that:
- Students understand any allegation against them;
- The student and the person bringing the allegation have a fair opportunity to present their case and to hear and respond to what the other has said;
- Students are given reasonable notice of any hearing and are given in advance copies of all information to be considered by the decision maker;
- The burden and standard of proof are clearly explained;
- Decision makers should be free from bias or any reasonable perception of bias;
- Reasons should be given for decisions reached and any penalty imposed;
- There should be a route of appeal; and
- The investigation, any hearing, and any appeal should be carried out as quickly as possible, consistent with fairness.
(Office of the Independent Adjudicator 2020)
All efforts have been made to ensure materials created by the EDU comply with current accessibility guidelines (JISC: Support for learners with disabilities).
If further assistance is required with accessibility matters please contact the student support section in your academic partner UHI: Accessing learner support.
Unless otherwise stated all external links will open in a new tab/window
We welcome any comments on how to improve this unit. Please feel free to pass these on at any time.
If you have any difficulty viewing this resource please contact EDU (firstname.lastname@example.org) with:
- the name of the resource;
- a description of the problem (please give as much detail as possible);
- the section of the resource where the problem occurred;
- your internet browser (you can check your browser version at: http://detectmybrowser.com/).
UHI provides links to external sources of information and may refer to specific Web sites, products, processes or services within this resource. Such references are examples and are not endorsements and whilst every effort is taken to ensure the accuracy of information provided UHI is not responsible for any of the content or guidance. You are advised to exercise caution.
Download a copy of this resource in PDF format.
You can also print individual pages by printing directly from the browser.