- BBC (2013). Chat app messaging overtakes SMS texts, Informa says [online]. Available online. Accessed 15/03/16
- Kadirire, J. (2007). Instant Messaging for Creating Interactive and Collaborative m-Learning Environments [online]. Available online.
- Kasesniemi, E.-L. & Rautiainen, P. (2002) ‘Mobile culture of children and teenagers in Finland’, in Perpetual Contact: Mobile Communication, Private Talk, Public Performance, eds. J. Katz & M. Aakhus, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 170–192.
- Kassop, M. (2003, May/June). Ten ways online education matches, or surpasses, face-to-face learning. The Technology Source. Available online. Accessed 14/03/16.
- Lange, R. (2014). Pascarella, T. and Terenzin, P. (2005). How College Affects Students, A Third decade of Research (2nd ed.) San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. JSAA, 2(2).
- Lauricella, S. and Kay, R. (2013). Exploring the use of text and instant messaging in higher education classrooms Available online.
- Motiwalla, L. F. (2007) ‘Mobile learning: a framework and evaluation’, Computers & Education, vol. 49, no. 3, 581–596
- Michael, J. (2006). 'Where's the evidence that active learning works?' Advances in Physiology Education, 30(4), 159 - 167
- Nicholson, S. A., & Bond, N. (2003). Collaborative reflection and professional community building: an analysis of preservice teachers' use of an electronic discussion board. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 11(2), 259. Available online.
- Prince, M. (2004). 'Does active learning work? A review of the research'. Journal of engineering education, 93(3) 223-231
- Rovai, A. P., & Lucking, R. (2000, September). Measuring sense of classroom community. Paper presented at Learning 2000: Reassessing the Virtual University, Virginia Tech, Roanoke, VA.
- TeacherStream, LLC (2009), Mastering Online discussion Board Facilitation [online]. Available online.
- The Guardian, (2015). What is 'safe harbour' and why did the EUCJ just declare it invalid? [online]. Available online. Accessed 14/03/16
All efforts have been made to ensure materials created by the EDU comply with current accessibility guidelines (JISC: Support for learners with disabilities).
If further assistance is required with accessibility matters please contact the student support section in your academic partner UHI: Accessing learner support.
We welcome any comments on how to improve this unit. Please feel free to pass these on at any time.
If you have any difficulty viewing this resource please contact EDU (firstname.lastname@example.org) with:
- the name of the resource;
- a description of the problem (please give as much detail as possible);
- the section of the resource where the problem occurred;
- your internet browser (you can check your browser version at: http://detectmybrowser.com/).
UHI provides links to external sources of information and may refer to specific Web sites, products, processes or services within this resource. Such references are examples and are not endorsements and whilst every effort is taken to ensure the accuracy of information provided UHI is not responsible for any of the content or guidance. You are advised to exercise caution.
Download a copy of this resource in PDF format.
You can also print individual pages by printing directly from the browser.